The Birth, Death and Resurrection of the Footnote

A version of the footnote appeared around 1700, and evolved during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries into the form used throughout the nineteenth and much of the twentieth century. The footnote became a standard scholarly tool, offering “the only guarantee we...

The Novel in Letters

An epistolary novel is written as a series of letters.  It may also contain diary entries, clippings from newspapers or magazines, etc., and more recently, Email. But it is not an epistolary novel unless it is composed primarily of letters.[1] Letters and other...

Hooks, Lines and Sequels

The literary definition of a “hook” is “a means of attracting interest or attention; an enticement.” Much has been written about hooks, or writing to hook the reader. Some of my writing teachers selected opening lines from novels that they described as excellent...

Writing Classes

I’ve studied writing at The New School; Vermont College; Antioch University; with Shannon Gilligan at Coaching for Writers; with Kim Moritsugu at Humber College; and at Spalding University in Louisville, Kentucky. Some of the teachers and classes were outstanding....